Archive for March, 2019
A milder cause of canine hepatitis will include such signs as lethargy, loss of appetite, fever, pain, jaundice, vomiting and diarrhoea. Further signs may develop including abnormal bleeding and swollen lymph glands. In severe cases of this disease the patient may experience seizures and shock.
With this disease, it can cause long lasting complications after they are infected. One complication of this disease is chronic hepatitis where there is ongoing liver damage. Another complication is ‘Blue Eye’ where the disease causes damage to the front chamber of the eye.
Unfortunately there is no cure to stop the virus. The patient would be provided supportive care and isolated from other patients as it is highly contagious to other dogs.
Vaccination can provide prevention of this disease. At Milton Keynes Veterinary Group, our practice protocol is to re-vaccinate against Canine Hepatitis on a 3 yearly basis following primary vaccinations, in accordance to vaccine manufacture guidance.
The virus is spread in large quantities from an infected cat within their saliva, as well as faeces, urine and milk. The virus is short lived outside the infected host and will not survive in the environment for any length of time. Therefore cats are most likely to become infected through direct contact/ingestion of the virus. The virus will then to begin to replicate within tissues and spread within the animal’s immune system.
Immunosuppression is one of the biggest clinical signs of this disease, where individuals will suffer from persistent or reoccurring diseases with progressive deterioration over time. Clinical signs can vary between each individual but may include fever, lethargy, weight loss, inappetance, and persistent or reoccurring respiratory, skin and intestinal issues. In more severe cases anaemia and neoplasia may also be seen.
FELV can be diagnosed by an in-house snap test using a small blood sample.
Unfortunately as per other diseases there is no cure for this disease and therefore infected cats are managed symptomatic and with supportive therapy.
Vaccination can provide prevention of this disease. At Milton Keynes Veterinary Group, we will always discuss your pet vaccinations and your concerns. Our practice protocol is to revaccinate against Feline Leukaemia Virus on a yearly basis following primary vaccinations, in accordance to vaccine manufacture guidance.
The incubation period for this virus is approximately one week and once infected most dogs will develop the disease to some extent.
Symptoms can vary with some dogs showing minimal signs including pyrexia, nasal discharge or upper respiratory signs e.g. sneezing. More severe cases may also include vomiting, depression, diarrhoea, wobbliness, seizures, paralysis or thickening of the foot pads or nose.
Unfortunately there is no specific cure or treatment for Distemper and infected cases will be provide supportive therapy to control the effects of the disease.
Vaccination is available in order to prevent this disease, this being one of the diseases routinely vaccinated against within the UK.
It is spread by direct contact with infected faeces and indirectly via the environment. Carriers of this disease can continue to excrete the virus for at least six weeks from infection.
Unfortunately there is no cure for this virus and it is highly contagious to other individuals. Vaccination is available in order to prevent this disease, this being one of the diseases routinely vaccinated against within the UK.
We feel owners should be aware of this disease as well as the potential symptoms in order to detect the disease at an early time.
Symptoms of this disease may include:
- Gastrointestinal signs
- Lack of appetite
Pets travelling into the EU before 29th March 2019 can do so under the current Pet Passport scheme and will be able to return to the UK as before.
HOWEVER, if there is a “no-deal” Brexit, pets will still be able to travel to the EU but with further restrictions:
- Pets will require an injection against rabies
- Pets will then need to have a blood test to confirm that they have produced antibodies against rabies. THIS BLOOD TEST MUST BE CARRIED OUT AT LEAST 30 DAYS AFTER THE VACCINATION INJECTION
- Pets will NOT be able to travel for at least 3 MONTHS after the BLOOD TEST WAS TAKEN
Further details can be found at gov.uk/guidance/pet-travel-to-europe-after-brexit