Canine HepatitisThis disease is caused by the virus (Canine Adenovirus 1) and the viral particles are spread from dog to another dog via faecal matter or saliva. When these particles are ingested by an unvaccinated dog, the virus will enter the bloodstream and infect the animal’s internal organs.
A milder cause of canine hepatitis will include such signs as lethargy, loss of appetite, fever, pain, jaundice, vomiting and diarrhoea. Further signs may develop including abnormal bleeding and swollen lymph glands. In severe cases of this disease the patient may experience seizures and shock.
With this disease, it can cause long lasting complications after they are infected. One complication of this disease is chronic hepatitis where there is ongoing liver damage. Another complication is ‘Blue Eye’ where the disease causes damage to the front chamber of the eye.
Unfortunately there is no cure to stop the virus. The patient would be provided supportive care and isolated from other patients as it is highly contagious to other dogs.
Vaccination can provide prevention of this disease. At Milton Keynes Veterinary Group, our practice protocol is to re-vaccinate against Canine Hepatitis on a 3 yearly basis following primary vaccinations, in accordance to vaccine manufacture guidance.