Archive for September, 2019
Heavy infestation of fleas can cause a condition called Flea Anaemia. This occurs when the fleas have drained so much blood that the animal is left severely weakened. In younger and smaller animals, this can be life threatening. We are very concerned about the increase in cases we are seeing and urge pet owners to discuss the best preventative protocol with their vets.
Carol Spindler from Milton Keynes and North Bucks branch of the RSPCA says “It’s been a very distressing few weeks. The increase in cases this year has caused a drain on branch funds and filled our fosterer spaces to capacity. We can’t stress how easy it is to prevent, so please, talk to your vet and get a recommended treatment as soon as possible”.
All the hard work put in to help these kittens would not have been possible without our hero donor cats, who bravely donated blood to save them. We are so grateful to these cats and their owners for their help.
Top Tips for your Pet
- Always ask your vet which product would be best suited to your pet, some products may not be as effective as others. Make sure you never use dog specific flea treatments on your cats, as some of these are highly toxic to our feline friends.
- Treat your pet regularly to keep on top of fleas, always check the product information or speak to your vet regarding your pet’s individual needs.
- Make sure you treat all pets in your household. Even if you have only seen fleas on one animal, they will jump between pets and species to continue breeding.
- Treat the environment. Flea eggs and larvae can survive in soft furnishings so it is important to treat the house as well with an appropriate household spray. Regular vacuuming and washing bedding regularly will also help limit the spread of fleas.
- Provide your dog with a daily dental routine. It is best for start from a puppy. Tooth brushing is the single most effective method however other methods can also be combined. Pick a suitable time in your routine and keep as your usual time.
- If your pet is older, you should still begin daily dental care, however it is best to have a dental check prior to beginning to make sure there are no issues.
- Make sure your pet has an oral examination every year at their annual check-up.
- Provide chews and toys that are recommended and are safe for your pet. Avoid abrasive objects such as bones, hard nylon chew toys or tennis balls as these often cause damage to teeth and gums.
- Feed a diet formulated to reduce dental plaque and keep teeth healthy.
- Dental chews can be used to reduce plaque and tartar build up however these should be accounted for within their day’s diet to prevent obesity.
- Keep the session short from a few seconds to a couple of minutes.
- Repeat each stage daily then move onto the next stage when you dog is comfortable.
- Train at a pace that suits for dog.
- Give lots of praise and reward for GOOD behaviour.
Fractured teeth are a common injury in cats and dogs, with the majority involving fractured canines of the upper jaw. Damage is commonly caused by falls, running into objects, clashing teeth and road traffic accidents. In dogs, other objects that can damage teeth include raw hide, bones, sticks/branches, rocks, ice and other hard objects.
The radiograph to the right shows a case of pulpitis in a cat. The pulp cavity is the hollow area inside a tooth filled with sensitive pulp tissue (blood vessels, nerves and connective tissue). This commonly occurs when the tip of the tooth is fractured, allowing bacteria to enter the pulp cavity. Swelling of the pulp tissue prevents blood entering the root canal and the result is ‘death’ of the tooth. On the radiograph we can see widening of the pulp cavity compared to the normal tooth on the right, with evidence of an abscess at the apex of the root. On this occasion the affected tooth was extracted. It is important to note that this problem was found during a routine dental, and the patient did not show any obvious mouth pain at the time, but the owner reported marked improvement in his demeanour and appetite following surgery. Due to high pain threshold and other instinctive behaviours, our patients rarely shows signs of pain and will often hide pain very well.
It is therefore important to never ignore a broken tooth in your pet.
Cats have 26 deciduous teeth consisting of:
- 12 Incisors
- 4 Canines
- 10 Premolars
Cats have 30 permanent teeth consisting of:
- 12 Incisors
- 4 Canines
- 10 Premolars
- 4 Molars